Within the Civil Rights Movement, important figures have had effects of negative and positive events relating to some expressed in Deborah Wiles writing.

          As an iconic band, The Beatles had made an effect on many of individuals, through their powerful song lyrics and involvement in the Civil Rights Movement and connection with Muhammad Ali. Wiles was able to take advantage of this occurrence creating a character Sunny, a girl the white family who is fond of The Beatles referring to common phrases such as, “yeah, yeah, yeah,”and, “A Hard Day’s Night,” both references to the band’s wishes of not playing in segregated shows. As expressed in ideas of Sunny’s personality the author conveys ideas of rebellion as Sunny becomes rebellious and conjunction the Civil Rights Movement, “We’ve got it all figured out, yeah, yeah, yeah.”

         This technique is also used in fictional characters that express real life characters. For instance the character Ray. Though not expressed in the book, Silas McGee, and notable teenager active in the SNCC shares common characteristics and storyline of Ray, developing his perspective and tenacity to fight alone. This is similar to the baseball player Willie Mays, “‘…I’m gon’  to ballgame.’ They walk off bold and talkin’ crazy about all they gon’ do at movie house… talk about makin’ freedom, but they afraid”(Wiles).

        This event is also within the historical reference of Delay Beckwith, developing the characters of the KKK, adding references to his murder and “arsenic weapons” and apply them to the relations of Sunny. As shown in historical elements, Wiles was able to incorporate details appropriately, which contributes to the development of character. As a case in point, as a controversial topic, family life consisted of a mom, dad, children, with single race and no divorce or step children. Despite this historical normality, Wiles depicts Sunny’s family of one with divorce and a remarried dad with step children. This unforeseen circumstance develops Sunny in a way which shows her dysfunction. On another note, Sunny is unique, as the author developed the name “Sunny” as a metaphor for a sunbeam in religious views, “Jesus wants me for a Sunbeam” (Wiles).This is not a common name as expressed in the book, “You are the only Sunny in town” (Wiles).


            Within altered historical references made in Revolution, Wiles was able to portray areas of important ideas. For illustration, Raymond Bullis wears “White High-tops, “unusual for low-income African American in the sixties. Despite this lack of occurrence, the author composed her piece with this element in order to express the rebellion of Raymond, wearing shoes worn by whites in his society. As shown in unity, Sunny and Raymond share common grounds of experiences revolving around hypocrisy. For instance ironically, many African Americans are against groups such as the SNCC, though wanting freedom. As Sunny sings songs about freedom, she blows a kiss to the Confederate Monument.

        As shown through character development, the author was able to incorporate historical details, specific to history, while using accuracy as well as alteration.  The development of characters made possible by alterations of history is highly abundant, portraying the author’s techniques of character development while influencing the events occurring within Revolution.

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